Title and jurisdiction of the Orthodox Church in Transylvania be- tween the forty-eighters Revolution and the Great Union
This study illustrates the itinerary of the official and particular name of the Orthodox Church in the Habsburg Monarchy in general and the Diocese of Transylvania, in particular in the period between the 1848 Revolution and World War I, namely the unification of Transylvania, Banat and Maramures with Romania. To this end we have been analyzed and interpreted a series of published and unpublished documents issued by both the Court of Vienna and the ecclesiastical authorities of the Catholic Church, as well as those by the hierarchy of the Orthodox Church, Serbian and Roma- nian, the jurisdiction of Metropolitan of Carlowitz, later of the Romanian Orthodox Metropolitan of Transylvania and Hungary. After a series of petitions, memoranda and requests addressed to the Cabinet in Vienna and to the monarch personally, Emperor Franz Joseph decreed on November 29, 1864 to change the negative title of the Orthodox Church from “Ununited” in “Greek-Oriental” therefore fulfilling only partially the Orthodox episcopate wishes. This designation remained offi- cially in effect until the dissolution of the Austro-Hungarian Monarchy in the fall of 1918.
Mircea Gheorghe Abrudan