Political attempts to subordinate religion in 1918: a German project to unite the Romanian Orthodoxy with Rome
The present study discusses a German project to achieve the religious union of Romanians and Bulgarians of Orthodox religion with Rome. The project, advanced by Chancellor von Hertling, involved the approval of the Holy See for the realization of the religious union with the help of the Roman Catholic Archbishop of Bucharest, Raymund Netzhammer and the Bulgarian King Ferdinand I. From a political point of view, for the Berlin authorities, the religious union of Romanians and Bulgarians was also a means of opposing the advance of the Bolshevik revolution. The mediator between the authorities of the Second Reich and the Holy See was Eugenio Pacelli, the Apostolic Nuncio in Munich, the future Pope Pius XII. The Holy See did not react to the German proposal, respecting the Romanian Orthodoxy.